Structure of GrapheneGraphene is extracted from graphite, which is how it gets its name. In fact, graphene provides the structural basis of all other graphitic materials, from graphite itself to fullerenes (carbon nanotubes, buckeyballs, etc.). Perfect graphene is in hexagonal form, although imperfections can cause heptagonal or pentagonal structures.
Obtaining pure graphene in planar form is difficult and, until 2004, it was assumed by many to be impossible. According to a March 2008 Scientific American, a sample smaller than the width of a human hair would be approximately $1,000, making it currently one of the most expensive materials on the face of the planet.
Graphene in NanotechnologySince its discovery, graphene has grown central to much of the research into nanotechnology, due to the unusual electrical, magnetic, and other properties that it possess. It remains to be seen what ultimate use will be obtained from graphene, but research in this area is in extreme demand. Here are just a few of the amazing properties that have been covered on this site:
- Graphene Soaks Up Arsenic, July 2010
- Do-It-Yourself Graphene, June 2010
- New Transistor Record, Feb. 2010
- Graphene Balloon Created, Aug. 2008
- Even More Nano - Tiny Graphene Transistor, April 2008
- Graphene: A Super-Speed Semiconductor?, March 2008
- Nano-Transistor, Feb. 2007