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Flatness Problem


Flatness Problem

The microwave sky as seen by Planck Telescope. (July 5, 2010)

ESA/ LFI & HFI Consortia
Definition: The "flatness problem" is a problem in cosmology about how scientists can explain that, when viewed on very large distances, the universe appears to have very little curvature (i.e. it is "flat"). According to general relativity, three types of curvature are allowed for the structure of spacetime:
  • a positive curvature
  • negative curvature
  • no curvature at all
At present, all evidence suggests that spacetime in our universe has virtually no curvature. This is very unlikely. If the universe had begun with a slight positive or negative curvature, then models predict that this curvature should increase over time, not go away. Many cosmologists feel that inflation theory offers a likely solution to the flatness problem. According to the theory, the process of inflation pushes the universe toward a flat universe the longer it goes on.
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