Historical Science Books
Some books focus more on the historical factors of science instead of the nuts and bolts of science itself. Understanding the historical context of scientific discoveries is important to both scientists and laymen, as it helps gain a thorough understanding of the foundations upon which current scientific evidence is built ... and the challenges inherent in acquiring it.
The Day the World Discovered the Sun by Mark Anderson
This historical account chronicles three major 1769 expeditions to measure the transit of Venus and thus create an accurate (or more accurate) model of the solar system, also improving the navigational methods and measurements used for worldwide commerce.