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Andrew Zimmerman Jones

Beyond the Higgs: Supersymmetry

By August 12, 2012

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Elementary particlesAs more evidence comes out showing that the Large Hadron Collider has located the Higgs boson (or some general Higgs-like particle), the next few years will focus largely on sifting through this evidence and refining the Standard Model of Particle Physics. They will conduct measurements from millions of particle collisions in the effort to more precisely define the physical properties of these Higgs-like particles (and the related Higgs field, which is the real object of interest).

But we humans are always looking toward the future, so a natural question is: What next?

Fortunately, the next thing is something that physics has been investigating since the 1970's, developed less than a decade after Peter Higgs came up with his Higgs mechanism. That thing?

Supersymmetry

Under this theory, all of the Standard Model particles (listed above in the graphic) would contain a counterpart. For each of the fermions (the leptons and quarks) there would be a counterpart that's a boson, and for each of the bosons (the force carriers) there would be a fermion counterpart. These "superpartners" as they are called would presumably (since we don't run into them in the normal course of existence) be unstable and rapidly decay, but it is certainly possible that the Large Hadron Collider could create them.

In fact, it's even possible that the refinements made based on our growing understanding of the Higgs boson & Higgs field parameters will tell us more precisely what energy levels to check out for some of these particles.

So don't worry, true believers ... there's still plenty of things for particle physicists to look for. That giant particle accelerator out in Switzerland isn't going to run out of work anytime soon.

Comments

August 14, 2012 at 5:10 am
(1) KHALID MASOOD says:

God doesn’t play a particles game with the universe.
There is no ‘God particle’. CERN scientists are doing an elusion experiment for an elusive particle. Findings are only traces of illusion of the elusive boson. There was no Big Bang!

KHALID MASOOD
Writer: Time Theory of Everything

August 14, 2012 at 3:15 pm
(2) Robert Thornton says:

Whatever you say Masood. To each his own creation. Some have proof, Some have belief and some have cycles.

August 16, 2012 at 12:39 am
(3) james webb says:

never fear I do believe GOD does already understand all of these things…!!!

August 20, 2012 at 6:10 am
(4) David G Kramek says:

James,
I have have no fear.
I have a passion to understand God’s creation.
God knows all the bible.
Does that stop you from reading the bible?

August 20, 2012 at 10:49 am
(5) Marfer says:

scientific papers are criticized by scientists
religious people criticize everything.

August 20, 2012 at 11:52 am
(6) ProfChuck says:

When science becomes a religion it looses all credibility. As a scientist “believe” is a word that I use very rarely and with great care and caution. “Believe” means to accept as true without proof or verifiability. There are places where this concept serves a purpose but science, especially the physical sciences is not one of them. Belief and objectivity cannot co-exist. The former assumes that the truth is known in advance while with the latter one realizes that this is not possible. Belief does not require understanding, only acceptance. Someone once asked me if I “believed” that two plus two equals four. That question is without meaning, however, I do understand why two plus two equals four.

August 27, 2012 at 7:42 pm
(7) Ted Rodosovich says:

Check out the creation by the African god Bumba.

August 27, 2012 at 7:46 pm
(8) Ted Rodosovich says:

Lucifer – the “bringer of light”; the questioner. Ol’ God of Abraham threw his arse out for asking toooooo many questions. He didn’t take things on faith, a QUESTIONER.

August 29, 2012 at 5:59 pm
(9) Jack says:

Christianity is interesting because its great apologists claim historical (and therefore physical) evidence for its claims. The Apostle Paul, the first great apologist for the faith based his beliefs on observable proof. He said that Jesus fulfilled prophesy. For example, Jesus either came back to life after he was killed or he did not. Because predicting UNIQUE, unrepeatable events in the future accurately is evidence of supernatural revelation, Paul claims that the prophesies were fulfilled by Jesus.
Paul’s exact words are
For I said to you what I received, How Christ died for our sins according to the scripture (i.e. Old Testament); was buried and that he rose on the third day according to the scriptures. He was seen of Cephas then of the twelve. After that he was seen by 500 more at once; most of who are still alive, but some have fallen asleep. 1 Cor. 15:3-6.
Paul argued from fulfilled prophecies physically fulfilled seen by 500 persons. Christianity is based on historically observed evidence the same as other historical events.
Obviously, like WWII it can not be repeated in a laboratory, but as the effects of the war are still seen, the effects of the life of Jesus Christ are still seen.

August 30, 2012 at 8:08 am
(10) Mick says:

Just a wee point.

When someone nicknamed the Higgs Boson the “God Particle” it had absolutely nothing to do with the biblical God, the Muslim God, any of the Hindu gods, any pagan gods or the Zoroastrian God or any other god.

It’s a nickname, it says nothing about the actual properties of the Higgs Boson.

All the people coming here to shout at a boson because they think it has offended their religion shouldn’t trouble themselves. The Higgs Boson has nothing to do with any deity of any religion, ever!

September 3, 2012 at 8:46 am
(11) A. Court says:

Can’t any of you think for yourselves?

September 3, 2012 at 10:58 am
(12) Bossifrance says:

All religions are based on myths there’s no exception.

September 3, 2012 at 9:45 pm
(13) Villie says:

Same story as Ancient Greece. People worshiped the 12 Gods of Olympus, yet the one to fight against the elements, the only true martyr of faith was Prometheus, a man that dared believe that something inside him was superior to the circumstances. He was the one who brought light down to the people, yet the ignorant masses hailed the Gods, not Prometheus. Well, you are free to believe in God all you want, but when you’re in need, it’s the people of the mind, the scientists that save your lives. I’ve never heard of anyone who recovered from cancer just by praying, nor anyone who waited for God to light a fire in order to get warm. Everything you’ve got, you owe to Science not Religion. The sooner you realise that, the sooner the world will be a happier place for everyone.

September 4, 2012 at 10:16 am
(14) Da Bishop says:

Reading what many have written, I have come to the following conclusions. 1) I agree that for want of a better nickname the Higgs-Boson was called the “God” particle. It shouldn’t be offensive to those who believe in a deity. The deities of the various religious persuasions either consider what they call the ‘possible’ although not ‘probable’ search for fundamentals of an obviously designed and determined creation so trivial that it is of no consequence. Or that the word ‘God’ is a common noun. And the true and living God has never been common. 2) I am aware that I am a part of something. And that something is much greater than I am. It appears that something is extremely complex, yet it seems to favor me enjoying that which I am aware of. Since we all are a part of this whatever, and some have been given a little more and some a little less, because the lack of true equality is non existent, it stands to reason all of us have been place here for some planned purpose. Man is very curious. I hope that if and when the LHC finally produces a direct link to that whatever, and in that whatever, they discover that reality is more frightening and less complex than we can imagine. That those who’ve wasted billions on a device, that could have provided the answer to what they now know, could have been known by simply falling on their knees and asking. Have enough to pay the world back for what could have been used to cure cancer, and or land a man on Mars. Or turn that 17 mile circle that time will prove is equally contributing to the destruction of the atmosphere. Into farmland whose profits could have bolstered the economies of several nations where the financial stability is diminishing at an exponential rate that is approaching the speed of the particles they are colliding.

September 10, 2012 at 11:05 am
(15) Prof Len Rogers says:

In every discussion about the cosmos and the universe, the concept of some mythical being—a god—should be expunged. Realistic analyses cannot be developed if the proposer is shackled to Allah, God (with a capital G), or any of the hundreds of major gods recognised in world history. It is like trying to advance with one’s legs tied together and tethered to a stake firmly embedded in the ground.
The number of current and past mythical beliefs―religions―centred on these gods is in the thousands. The number of lives lost in religious conflicts attempting to defend or advance what puny indoctrinated humans believe without any proof or supporting evidence is in the millions. The number of humans on earth alone adversely affected by this social anomaly is in the billions.

September 20, 2012 at 1:44 am
(16) bill proft says:

I am a scientist who believes every word in the Bible is true. I comfortably teach evolution lessons (and enjoy contending with scientific ideaology based on current impressions) after seeing Proverbs 25:2 says “God gets glory from concealing things; kings (scientists) get glory from investigating things.” Yea for the scientific method!

September 29, 2012 at 3:22 am
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