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Andrew Zimmerman Jones

This Week in Physics History: Apr. 2 - 8

By April 2, 2007

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  • Apr. 6, 648 B.C. - Earliest solar eclipse was recorded by the ancient Greeks.
  • Apr. 5, 1804 - The High Possil Meteorite, the first recorded meteorite fall in Scotland, strikes in Possil, Scotland. Scotland has had only 4 recorded meteorite, of which this is the first. The High Possil Meteorite was also the first of a series of 19th century meteorite falls, the study of which may be called the beginning of modern meteorite science.
  • Apr. 7, 1827 - English chemist John Walker sells the first friction match, invented a year earlier.
  • Apr. 5, 1929 - Norwegian physicist Ivar Giaever is born. Giaever's work in solid-state physics, especially in discovering tunnelling, won him the 1973 Nobel Prize in physics.
  • Apr. 6, 1949 - Germany physicist Horst Ludwig Stoermer is born. Stoermer won the 1998 Nobel Prize in physics for work in the fractional quantum Hall effect, as it relates to materials at incredibly small temperatures placed in a magnetic field.
  • Apr. 8, 1984 - Russian physicist Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa dies. Kapitsa was jointly awarded the 1978 Nobel Prize in physics for his work in low temperature physics, including discovery of the principle of superfluidity.

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